Maksut Serim, nicknamed Erdogan`s “secret guard,” told a friend in 2013, in an intercepted phone conversation, that “this is the year the Lausanne Treaty expired and the articles of the Lausanne Treaty were put on hold,” claiming that Turkey was capable of seizing underground resources, including deposits in northern Iraq. The treaty was signed in Switzerland in 1923 and drew the borders between Turkey and Greece. Mohamed Abdel-Kader Khalil, an Egyptian expert on Turkish affairs, said: “Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East is linked to the use of Turkish military capabilities in the region. This is reflected in the Turkish military concentration on the borders of Iraq and Syria and its engagement in the Red Sea by an agreement on the island of Sawken, Sudan, as well as in the Turkish military intervention in the town of Afrin in northern Syria. In 1919, Romania unilaterally declared that it would impose its sovereignty over the Ottoman fortified island (Adha Castle) and reinforced this assertion in the Treaty of Trianon 1920. , the island was completely forgotten following peace talks at the Berlin Conference of 1878, which allowed it to remain the private property of the Ottoman sultan until the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923. As U.S. commentators debate whether Turkey will join U.S. President Barack Obama`s coalition against the Islamic State, some Turkish experts expect more serious foreign policy challenges, such as what will happen in 2023, when the Lausanne Treaty expires and Turkey`s modern borders become obsolete. According to secret articles signed nearly a century ago by Turkish and British diplomats in a Swiss maritime zone, British troops will reocquire fortresses on the Bosphorus and the Greek Orthodox Patriarch will revive a Byzantine mini-state within the walls of the city of Istanbul. On the positive side for Turkey, the country will finally be allowed to draw on its huge oil reserves, which were not limited before, and perhaps to reclaim Western Thrace. It`s a thing of the day. The Turks regard the Convention as a founding document of the Turkish Republic, as described by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in his speech before the mayors` meeting on the Ankara presidential site, where President Erdogan again mentions the treaty and calls for a revision of the second Treaty of Lausanne, signed in 1923, followed by the installation of the borders of modern Turkey after the First World War.
Turkey 1923 Agreement Expires