The most fundamental alliance, the social pact, is the agreement to bring together and form a people, a community by definition larger and different from a simple aggregation of individual interests and wills. This act, in which individuals become people, is “the true foundation of society.” By collectively renouncing the individual rights and freedoms that one has in the state of nature and by transferring these rights to the collective body, one forms, as it were, a new “person”. The sovereign is therefore formed when free and equal people come together and agree to recreate themselves as a single organ, which boils down to the common interest of all. Just as the individual will is directed towards individual interests, once formed, the general will is oriented towards the common good, understood and collectively agreed. In this version of the social contract there is the idea of replicated duties: the sovereign is attached to the well-being of the individuals who constitute him and each individual is also attached to the good of the whole. In this context, it is not possible to give the individual the freedom to decide whether it is in his own interest to discharge his duties to the sovereign while being allowed to reap the benefits of citizenship. They must be brought to adapt to the general will, they must be “forced to be free” (64). It finds that self-preservation is sought rationally by a Community agreement with others and infers a second law on nature; Click here to visit the “Legal Reasoning” section on CLATapult. The other essential elements of a contract are indicated in Section 10 of the ICA, which states that “all agreements are contracts if they are entered into by the free consent of the parties in accordance with the contract, for legal consideration and for legitimate purposes, and are not expressly cancelled here. Another common diversity of inductive arguments is the finding of a causal link between events. If we have good reason to believe that the events of a species (causes) are systematically associated with events of another nature (effects), we can change our environment by creating (or preventing) the appearance of certain types of events. We have found that an agreement, although it seems almost to the naked eye, is very different from a treaty. The section 10 analysis illustrates the essential elements of a contract (alongside the offer and acceptance agreement) as follows: the formation of a contract is done when an “offer” is made by one party and “accepted” by another party.
Under the ICA, an offer is called a “proposal” and a person making a proposal is referred to as a “promisor.” After Hobbes concluded that it is natural and rational for people to give up a little freedom to ensure the security of self-preservation, Hobbes develops an idea of the forms of social organization and political system compatible with these goals. The state in which people renounce individual freedom in exchange for some common security is the social contract. Hobbes defines the contract as a “transfer of mutual law.” In the state of nature, everyone has the right to everything – the right to natural freedom is not limited. The social contract is the agreement by which individuals transfer each other`s natural right. In other words, I am renouncing my natural right to steal your food because you are giving up your natural right to steal mine.